Boston, the most populous city in New England, covers 48 square miles and is the capital of Massachusetts. Founded in 1630, it is one of the oldest cities in the United States and it was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution, such as the Boston Massacre, the Boston Tea Party, the Battle of Bunker Hill, and the Siege of Boston. It is home to the United States’ first public park (Boston Common), first public or state school, (Boston Latin), first public library (Boston Public) and first subway system (Tremont Street). The Boston area’s many colleges and universities make it an international center of higher education, including law, medicine, engineering, and business, and the city is considered to be a world leader in innovation and entrepreneurship. Boston’s economic base also includes finance, professional and business services, biotechnology, information technology, and government activities. Boston strongly supports music and the performing arts, home to the world-renowned Boston Symphony Orchestra and the Boston Ballet. There are also several art museums and galleries, including the Museum of Fine Arts and the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum as well as the Boston Children’s Museum and Mueum of Science. The New England Aquarium is also located in Boston with the giant ocean tank as its principal feature. The city is home to teams in 4 major sports leagues (Celtics, Red Sox, Patriots, Bruins) who have won multiple championships. Boston’s park system, comprised of the “Green Necklace,” encircles the city allowing residents recreational use in the midst of their urban surroundings.
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